Brazilian Jiu Jitsu installs the hypothesis that by enforcing adequate method, a lower, less powerful individual can effectively protect against a heavier, stronger, larger assailant. To defeat the adversary, BJJ applies joint locks and chokeholds. BJJ training can be used to compete or self-defense sport grappling tournaments and mixed martial arts.
Upholding the assumption that most of the benefit of a bigger, stronger opponent comes from superior reach and more strong strikes, both of which are mitigated when grappling on the floor, Brazilian jiu-jitsu emphasizes bringing an opponent to the floor to use ground combat methods and submission holds involving joint locks and chokeholds.A more accurate way to describe this would be to say that physical strength can be offset or improved on the floor by an experienced grappler who understands how to maximize force using mechanical advantage rather than sheer physical strength.
After getting a grip, BJJ allows a broad range of methods to bring the battle to the floor. While other combat sports, such as Judo and Wrestling, almost always use a takedown to take an opponent to the floor, one choice in BJJ is to "pull guard," which involves gripping the opponent and then bringing the battle or match to the mat by sitting directly down.
Once the opponent is on the floor, there are several maneuvers (and counter-maneuvers) available to manipulate the opponent into an appropriate situation to apply a submission method.
Achieving a dominant stance on the floor is one of the hallmarks of the BJJ style and involves efficient use of the position of the guard (a signature position of BJJ) to protect yourself from the bottom (using both submissions and sweeps, with sweeps leading to the possibility of a dominant situation or the chance of passing the guard) and allowing the
guard to dominate from the top with side control, mount, and back mount positions. When used by two experienced practitioners, this system of maneuvering and manipulation can be compared to a form of kinetic chess. A submission hold is the equivalent of a sport checkmate, reflecting a drawback that would be highly hard to overcome in a battle (such as a dislocated joint or unconsciousness).
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