Mixed martial arts, also known as MMA, is a full-contact fighting sport that enables striking and fighting, both on and off the floor, using methods such as boxing, wrestling, judo, jujitsu, karate, Muay Thai (Thai boxing) and other disciplines.
By using three particular strategies, two rivals try to attain dominance over each other: striking, finishing holds, and control.
Victory is usually achieved by knock-out, submission (one player grants victory to the other by tapping his hand on the ground or adversary), or stoppage by the referee, the player doctor, or a competitor's corner man.
MMA is one of the fastest increasing spectator sports in the globe, in many nations and in all 50 U.S. states, MMA events are authorised.
Rules and regulations The UFC was instrumental in pushing for a set of rules for global sport standardisation, and by 2009 regulatory bodies in the United States and many fighting promotions worldwide had adopted standards known as the Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts. MMA members compete in a ring or fenced region under these regulations, fighting using padded finger-less gloves but not wearing shoes or headgear. They may hit, throw, kick, or clash with an adversary, and either from a standing place or on the floor, attacks may be initiated. Head butt, gouging (pushing a finger or thumb into the eye of an opponent), biting, pulling hair, and groin assaults of any kind are prohibited.
Downward elbow strikes, throat strikes, and back or spine strikes are also illegal, as are some assaults on a grounded opponent, including kicking or kneeing the head. If a fighter breaches a rule, the referee may issue a warning, deduct points, or — especially when a flagrant foul is considered to have been committed— disqualify the offending contestant. In order to make the competition fairer, UFC has implemented a weight class scheme where a competitor can only face an opposition within the same weight range as itself.